Basal Gangstas

Session 9 : The Basal Ganglia and Prefrontal Cortex in Working Memory

This week we review a Nature paper on the interaction of the basal ganglia and prefrontal cortex in working memory.  For extra credit we will attempt to tackle the Ivry paper on neural systems related to implicit memory.Keele, S. W., Ivry, R., Mayr, U., Hazeltine, E., & Heuer, H. (2003). The cognitive and neural architecture of sequence representation. Psychological Review, 110(2), 316-339.
McNab, F., & Klingberg, T. (2008). Prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia control access to working memory. Nat Neurosci, 11(1), 103-107. doi:10.1038/nn2024

Session 8 :What's the Deal with Feedback?

This week we read an imaging paper and a computational paper focused on the role of the basal ganglia in learning and feedback. 
Frank, M. J., Seeberger, L. C., & O'reilly, R. C. (2004). By carrot or by stick: cognitive reinforcement learning in parkinsonism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5703), 1940-1943. doi:10.1126/science.1102941Shohamy, D., Myers, C. E., Grossman, S., Sage, J., Gluck, M. A., & Poldrack, R. A. (2004). Cortico-striatal contributions to feedback-based learning: converging data from neuroimaging and neuropsychology. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 127(Pt 4), 851-859. doi:10.1093/brain/awh100

Session 7 :Category Learning and Memory Systems

Picking up from last week, we continue our discussion about category learning and medial temporal lobe systems. Poldrack, R. A., & Foerde, K. (2008). Category learning and the memory systems debate. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(2), 197-205. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.07.007

Session 6 :Memory Systems and Learning

This week we welcomed some new Gangstas into the reading group from the memory team and auditory team.  Our topic for this week picks up from our last discussion about types of learning, and incorporates research on the contributions of the hippocampus and basal ganglia.  We also discussed a Willingham paper outlining differences between implicit and explicit learning.
Doeller, C. F., Opitz, B., Krick, C. M., Mecklinger, A., & Reith, W. (2005). Prefrontal-hippocampal dynamics involved in learning regularities across episodes. Cerebral Cortex, 15(8), 1123 -1133. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhh211
Willingham, D. B., & Goedert-Eschmann, K. (1999). The Relation Between Implicit and Explicit Learning: Evidence for Parallel Development. Psychological Science, 10(6), 531 -534. doi:10.1111/1467-9280.00201

Session 5 :Behavioral Tasks

This week we talked about category learning and reviewed some of the behavioral tasks associated with basal ganglia activity in neuroimaging studies.Nomura, E., & Reber, P. (2008). A review of medial temporal lobe and caudate contributions to visual category learning. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(2), 279-291. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.07.006

Session 4 :Learning and Memory Functions

For this session we read a comprehensive review of various animal and human studies on the role of the basal ganglia in learning.  
Packard, M. G., & Knowlton, B. J. (2002). Learning and memory functions of the basal ganglia.   Annual Review of Neuroscience, 25(1), 563-593. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.25.112701.142937  

Session 3 : Functions and Functional Connectivity

For this session, we read papers on methods used to divide the basal ganglia into functionally distinct regions.  
Barnes, K. A., Cohen, A. L., Power, J. D., Nelson, S. M., Dosenbach, Y. B. L., Miezin, F. M., Petersen, S. E., et al. (2010). Identifying Basal Ganglia divisions in individuals using resting-state functional connectivity MRI. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 4, 18. doi:10.3389/fnsys.2010.00018
Packard, M. G., & Knowlton, B. J. (2002). Learning and memory functions of the Basal Ganglia. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 25, 563-593. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.25.112701.142937
Redgrave, P., Rodriguez, M., Smith, Y., Rodriguez-Oroz, M. C., Lehericy, S., Bergman, H., Agid, Y., et al. (2010). Goal-directed and habitual control in the basal ganglia: implications for Parkinson's disease. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 11(11), 760-772. doi:10.1038/nrn2915

Session 2 : Dopamine and Development

Amy leads the discussion this week with a presentation on how dopamine works in the brain from childhood to adulthood.  The papers we reviewed are listed below and a pdf of Amy's presentation is attached.  
Alexander, G. E., DeLong, M. R., & Strick, P. L. (1986). Parallel organization of functionally segregated circuits linking basal ganglia and cortex. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 9, 357-381. doi:10.1146/
Andersen, S. L., Dumont, N. L., & Teicher, M. H. (1997). Developmental differences in dopamine synthesis inhibition by (+/-)-7-OH-DPAT. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 356(2), 173-181.  
Lenroot, R. K., & Giedd, J. N. (2006). Brain development in children and adolescents: insights from anatomical magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30(6), 718-729. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2006.06.001  
Li, S., Lindenberger, U., & Bäckman, L. (2010). Dopaminergic modulation of cognition across the life span. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(5), 625-630. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2010.02.003
Rosenberg, D. R., & Lewis, D. A. (1994). Changes in the dopaminergic innervation of monkey prefrontal cortex during late postnatal development: a tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemical study. Biological Psychiatry, 36(4), 272-277.
Wahlstrom, D., White, T., & Luciana, M. (2010). Neurobehavioral evidence for changes in dopamine system activity during adolescence. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(5), 631-648. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2009.12.007

Session 1 :Neuroanatomy

This week, we read a series of papers discussing basal ganglia neuroanatomy and connectivity.  References are listed below and attached is a flowchart of the intralaminar thalamic nuclei for your educational enjoyment. 
Graybiel, AM., & Saka, E. (2004). In Gazzaniga, M. S. (2004). The cognitive neurosciences (495-510). MIT Press.
Haber, S. N., & Knutson, B. (2009). The Reward Circuit: Linking Primate Anatomy and Human Imaging. Neuropsychopharmacology, 35(1), 4-26.
Pasupathy, A., & Miller, E. K. (2005). Different time courses of learning-related activity in the prefrontal cortex and striatum. Nature, 433(7028), 873-876. doi:10.1038/nature03287
Saint-Cyr, J. A. (2003). Frontal-Striatal Circuit Functions: Context, Sequence, and Consequence. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 9(01), 103-128. doi:10.1017/S1355617703910125&
Smith, Y., Raju, D., Pare, J., & Sidibe, M. (2004). The thalamostriatal system: a highly specific network of the basal ganglia circuitry. Trends in Neurosciences, 27(9), 520-527. doi:10.1016/j.tins.2004.07.004
Voorn, P. (2004). Putting a spin on the dorsal-ventral divide of the striatum. Trends in Neurosciences, 27(8), 468-474. doi:10.1016/j.tins.2004.06.006
Zhang, D., Snyder, A. Z., Shimony, J. S., Fox, M. D., & Raichle, M. E. (2010). Noninvasive Functional and Structural Connectivity Mapping of the Human Thalamocortical System. Cerebral Cortex, 20(5), 1187 -1194. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhp182  

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